Why do lab reports matter?
Without real guidance from the FSA in the UK or the FDA in the US, CBD companies are currently unregulated. It’s up to you, the consumer, to do your own research before you buy.
Cannabinoid tests are the most common form of screening done on CBD products. The report will tell you the different levels of each cannabinoid in your product. Through these reports, you’ll be able to figure out:
The spectrum of the product – is it isolate, full or broad spectrum?
The potency of the product – how much CBD does your product contain?
If a product contains other non-decarboxylated raw material
A broad-spectrum product contains a wide range of cannabinoids present, without Delta-9 THC:
An isolate-based product contains only CBD:
Sometimes products that are labelled as full or broad spectrum might not look like it on lab reports. If you run into reports that look like this, it’s important to review the terpene profile. Products with an assortment of terpenes are actually full/broad spectrum. Isolates do not contain terpenes.
In these cases, this is usually due to testing lower concentration end product vs the extract itself. But don’t fret, a complex terpene profile still means that the product is properly labeled as full/broad spectrum.
Terpenes are the scented oils derived from cannabis plants that are present in full and broad spectrum CBD products. Each of these compounds offers potential health benefits and interacts with the cannabinoids and other contents of exact to produce what’s known as the Entourage Effect.
A terpene screening shows you the concentration of terpenes in a given product, usually measured as parts per million (PPM). These reports are generally straightforward to read.
Heavy Metal Screening
This screening ensures extract is free of heavy metal contamination. It measures heavy metals like arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead against allowable limits:
Solvent Residue Screening
Now that you understand why lab reports are so important, and how to read them, you're ready to assess whether you're purchasing the highest quality product.